Mineral "transporters" tag minerals and give them an address to go to. This diagram (click on below) shows what the different transporters do with minerals when they get them to the cell wall. There are three basic types of transporters:
1) Passive diffusion. Permits lipid- (fat) soluable substances to diffuse through the bi-layered phospholipid membrane (cell wall) into the interior of the cell without a carrier.
2) Facilitated diffusion. Requires special membrane protein transporters to serve as carriers of water soluable substances & ions.
3) Active transport. Requires the input of cellular energy (ATF) to accomplish the transport of certain substances.
Special classes of vitamins and minerals have been developed which utilize these cellular transport mechanisms to effectively increase cellular vitality and defense against specific diseases. These include the mineral Orotates, Aspartates, Arginates and the Colamine phosphate complex of calcium, magnesium and potassium 2-AEP (aminoethylphosphate) (amino-ethyl-phosphate).
The mineral Orotates are the most effective mineral carriers because of their stability and their unique ability to seek out specific cells, penerating both the outer and inner membrane layers and delivering essential minerals to the cellular interior where they are metabolized.
Medical studies indicate that the mineral Aspartates play an important role in treatment of degenerative heart and liver disease.
The mineral Arginates possess many of the same properties as the Orotates but add the ability to not only deliver their minerals into the plasma interior of the cell but to also deposit a portion of their minerals between the inner and outer walls of the cell membrane. It has been reported that Arginates can be more effective than Orotates in the treatment of Type II Diabetes and joint stifness.
The Colamine Phosphate Complex (Ca, Mg, Potassium 2-AEP) targets the outer layer of cell membranes where it releases its associated minerals which are metabolized within the membrane structure. The 2-AEP is essential to increasing cell membrane integrity and in the so-called free lipid pore sites in the membrane, thus decreasing membrane permeability to toxins, bacteria and viruses.
Arthur D. Alexander III, Biochemist and Scientific Consultant, June 20 1997