"And "parasites" or "candida" or "lyme" or "low blood sugar" are proposed as causes, even though personally I think that those are not the basic causes; rather, they are symptoms of something deeper."
I do too; malnutrition caused by under-eating. It causes a myriad of symptoms, including low blood Sugar and also weakens one's immune system which leads to infections, like candida overgrowths.
If you look at all the anti-candida, lyme, and parasite supplement selling websites, they basically list all the same tons of symptoms as each other and coincidentally they are all they same tons of symptoms that malnutrition can cause.
Those conditions are also conditions that mainstream medicine doesn't generally accept, at least not as alternative medicine defines them.