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Crown Corporation
 
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Published: 8 years ago
 

Crown Corporation


Corporatism = Fascism

"Fascism should more properly be called corporatism because it is the merger of state and corporate power." - Benito Mussolini.

“Merger of Corporate Power and State Power.”

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In monarchical Commonwealth countries, particularly Australia, Canada and New Zealand, country-wide government corporations often use the style "Crown corporation." Equivalent terms include "State-owned enterprises" and "Crown entities" in New Zealand, and Government Business Enterprise (GBE) in Australia. Examples of Crown corporations include the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and Air Canada before the latter underwent privatization. Cabinet ministers (Ministers of the Crown) often control the shares in such public corporations.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government-owned_corporation


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The Crown is a corporation sole that in the Commonwealth realms, as well as in any provincial or state sub-divisions thereof, represents the legal embodiment of governance, whether executive, legislative, or judicial. It evolved naturally first in the United Kingdom as a separation of the literal crown and property of the nation state from the person and personal property of the monarch; a concept which then spread via British colonisation and is now rooted in the legal lexicon of the other 15 independent realms. In this context it should not be confused with any physical crown, such as those of the British state regalia.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Crown


Origins:

The concept of the Crown took form under the feudal system. Though not used this way in all countries that had this system, in England and (separately) Scotland, all rights and privileges were ultimately bestowed by the ruler. Land, for instance, was granted by the Crown to lords in exchange for feudal services and they, in turn, granted the land to lesser lords. One exception to this was common socage — owners of land held as socage held it subject only to the Crown. The Crown as ultimate owner of all property also owns any property which has become bona vacantia.

Divisions(Divide and conquer)

The Crown in each of the Commonwealth realms is a similar but separate legal concept. To distinguish the institution's role in one jurisdiction from its place in another, Commonwealth law employs the expression "the Crown in Right of [place]": e.g., the Crown in Right of the United Kingdom,[1][2][3][4][5] the Crown in Right of Canada, the Crown in Right of the Commonwealth of Australia, etc. Further, both Canada and Australia are federations; therefore, besides the Crown in Right of Canada and the Crown in Right of the Commonwealth of Australia, there are crowns in right of each Canadian province and each Australian state; for example, there is the Crown in Right of the Province of British Columbia.[6]

The Crown's powers are exercised — whether by the monarch or by any of his or her representatives — on the advice of the appropriate local ministers, legislature, or judges, none of which may advise the Crown on any matter pertinent to another of the Crown's jurisdictions.

In the courts

n criminal proceedings, the prosecuting party is the Crown; generally speaking, this is indicated by having Rex (for a male monarch) or Regina (for a female one) versus the defendant as the standard for naming criminal trials. Rex and Regina are typically abbreviated R, for example a criminal case against Smith might be R v. Smith, read "the Crown against Smith". In Australia particularly, on official transcripts of criminal trials the heading page reads [defendant] v. The Queen. In New Zealand court reporting, news reports will refer to the prosecuting lawyer (often called a Crown prosecutor, as in Canada and the United Kingdom) as representing the Crown, usages such as "For the Crown, Joe Bloggs argued..." being common.

This practice of using the seat of sovereignty as the injured party is analogous with criminal cases in the United States, where the format is "the people" or "the State v. [defendant]" (e.g. People of the State of New York v. LaValle) under the doctrine of popular sovereignty.

The Crown can also be a plaintiff or defendant in civil actions to which the government of the Commonwealth realm in question is a party. Such Crown proceedings are often subject to specific rules and limitations, for example about the way judgments against the Crown can be enforced.

 

 
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