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New Study: Uptake and Distribution of Iodine in Rice Plants

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New Study: Uptake and Distribution of Iodine in Rice Plants

Good morning,
In this new study cited below, a study of the constituent parts of the rice plant - the polished rice, rice bran, hull straw, and root - were studied for their distribution of iodine.
While the highest concentration of Iodine was found in the root of the rice plant, the lowest concentration was found in the edible polished rice. The edible polished rice only contained 0.055% of Iodine found in the entire rice plant.

1: J Environ Qual. 2008 Oct 23;37(6):2243-7. Print 2008 Nov-Dec. Links
Uptake and distribution of Iodine in rice plants.
Tsukada H, Takeda A, Tagami K, Uchida S.
Inst. for Environmental Sciences, 1-7 Ienomae, Obuchi, Rokkasho-mura, Kamikita-gun, Aomori 039-3212, Japan.

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants were cultivated in an experimental field and separated at harvest into different components, including polished rice, rice bran, hull, straw, and root. The contents of iodine in these components and the soil were determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry and radiochemical neutron activation analysis, respectively. Iodine content varied by more than three orders of magnitude among the plant components. Mean concentration of iodine in the entire plants was 20 mg kg(-1) dry weight, and the concentration of iodine in the surface soil (0-20 cm depth) was 48 mg kg(-1). The highest concentration of iodine (53 mg kg(-1) dry weight) was measured in root and the lowest concentration (0.034 mg kg(-1) dry weight) in polished rice. While the edible component (polished rice) accounted for 32% of the total dry weight, it contained only 0.055% of iodine found in the entire rice plants. Atmospheric gaseous iodine (5.9 ng m(-3)) was estimated to contribute <0.2% of the total iodine content in the biomass of rice plants; therefore nearly all of the iodine in the rice plants was a result of the uptake of iodine from the soil. The content of iodine in the aboveground part of rice plants was 16 mg kg(-1) dry weight and the percentage of iodine transferred per cropping from the soil into the aboveground biomass corresponded to 0.27% (20 mg m(-2)) of the upper soil layer content.


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