Ketosis is the presence of excess ketones in the body.
Ketoacidosis is another word for ketosis. The term may appear in reference to diabetes, as diabetic ketoacidosis or the consumption of too much alcohol as alcoholic ketoacidosis.
Consult our more extensive discussion of ketones for details on their chemical structure, naming and more.
Ketones are a normal byproduct of fat metabolism (the breaking down of fat into energy). Normally, your body is efficient at removing these, but when certain enzymes are absent or damaged, the concentration of ketones in the body can build up to dangerous levels. This can also lower the pH of the blood, hence the origin of the term ketoacidosis.
Certain individuals are predisposed towards ketosis. For example, those with diabetes have low insulin levels and can not process glucose (sugar) for energy. Therefore, their bodies break down fat, leading to a rise in ketone levels. Popular low-carbohydrate diets (such as Atkins) encourage the breakdown of fat and can induce so-called dietary ketosis.
Ketones can be excreted through the urine and those that are volatile (such as acetone) can be expelled through the lungs. Diabetics can be mistaken for being drunk by the odor on their breath, and acetone being expelled through the lungs can give a false positive result on early model breathalyzers. However, don't expect to escape a ticket as driving while impaired (due to low blood sugar) is still a traffic offense whether you are drunk or not.
Severe cases of ketosis can lead to coma and death if untreated.
you can buy little test strips for testing to see how much fat you are burning. i think its a good idea to pick some up. its a good way to keep on track because even if you dont see it on the scale or in your size change you will see your fat burning on the ketone test strips.