Unrefined Ocean Salt versus Refined Table Salt

Salt is an essential element in the diet of not only humans but of animals, and even of many plants.
It is one of the most effective and most widely used of all food seasonons and natural preservatives. 

Seasalt's Hidden Powers

by Jacques de Langre, PhD
(Book Excerpts)

From Chapter 1 "Definition of Sea Salt"

Regular over the counter table salt is one of the worst things for you! It is mined from large natural sea salt deposits underground where they take the natural salt and basically take out everything that is good, and are left with Sodium Chloride (table salt). This is ideal for melting snow and other industrial uses all which leave eating it a minority. Eating too much refined salt can be hazardous to your health. However all the minerals your body needs are in sea salt, there is no need to worry about eating too much. Your body will use the minerals it needs and instead of trying hard to find more, as would be the case with regular refined salt, it just disposes of any excess it doesn't want. As a result, it really isn't bad at all for you. The bad salt is the store bought refined salt. All they try to do is make it look good and flow through a salt shaker. The makers of table salt do a good job at one thing, they remove the one thing that is good in salt! All of the minerals that were in it, approximately 84, only 2 remain.

Unrefined Ocean Sea Salt is harvested near the coast. Ocean water, rich in a wide variety of minerals, is channeled into a series of clay-lined ponds. The wind and sun evaporate the ocean water, leaving a mineral-rich brine. This live mixture is briskly stimulated by the salt farmer, and dazzling salt crystals form. The Salt is then gathered by hand using wooden tools. This harvesting method preserves the vital balance of the minerals found in Unrefined Ocean Salt. Common table salt lacks minerals and trace elements because it is purified and refined, leaving only sodium and chloride. After refining, common table salt is mixed with iodine, bleaching agents, and anti-caking agents to create a purely white, free-flowing product. Even many salts labeled “sea salt” are washed or boiled, which removes minerals and trace elements from the salt.

Comparison of the Mineral Elements in Natural Celtic Sea Salt vs. Other Salts

Minerals Celtic Salt Pertialy refined Sea Salt or mined salt Refined -  Table Salt
Group 1
Sodium & chlorine (NaCl = Sodium Chloride)
84% 98% 97.5%
Group 2
Sulfur, magnesium, calcium & potassium
14% 1% none
Group 3
Carbon, bromine, silicon,nitrogen, ammonium, fluorine, phosphorus, iodine, boron, lithium
1.9997% 1% none
Group 4
Argon, rubidium, copper, barium, helium, indium, molybdenum, nickel, arsenic, uranium, manganese, vanadium, aluminum, cobalt, antimony, silver, zinc, krypton, chromium, mercury, neon, cadmium, erbium, germanium, xenon, scandium, gallium, zirconium, lead, bismuth, niobium, gold, thulium, thallium, Ianthanum, neodymium, thorium, cerium, cesium, terbium, ytterbium, yttrium, dysprosium, selenium, lutetium, hafnium, gadolinium, praseodymium, tin, beryllium, samarium, holmium, tantalum, europium
0.0003 % none none
Group 5
All chemical additives which bleach, prevent water absorption, stabilize iodine additives, maintain free flow
none none up to 2.5%

This analysis compiled by combining the research of University of Nantes, the work of Prof. L. C. Kervran, and the book by RenB Quinton, Seawater, OrganicMediwn, published by Library of the Medicine Academy, Paris, France.


Use of unrefined sea salt is as old as human history

 Ocean water is currently an average of 2.6% (by weight) percent salt.

Non-refined sea salt contain 95.0% - 98.0 %  NaCl (sodium-chloride)    and from 2.0%  to   5.0%  other minerals(salts) : Magnesium salts, Kalium salts, Phosphor salts, Iodine salts that ads to total of 80 Elemnts and trace minerals... This salt have been used since begining of life, by ocean plants, animals and by all your ancestors.

Refined salt is 99.9%  NaCl (sodium-chloride), (chemical as clean as Heroin or White Sugar) , and 0.1% of  Kalium-Iodide or Potassium-Iodide  (added to the salt to avoid Iodine deficiency disease of thyroid gland)  and Sugar (added to stabilize Iodine and as anti-caking chemical). Sometimes Aluminum silicate is added.  (Percentage is referring to the percentage of dry matter.  Salt could have up to 20% water.)

Sodium chloride or what is today called refined table salt (common salt) is the chemical compound NaCl.  Chemically, it is 60.663% elemental chlorine (Cl) and 39.337% sodium (Na).

Refined table salt is used last 50-100 years (depend of the country).

How is Ocean Sea Salt Produced?

The ocean is allowed to flood huge, flat, shallow, beds and then the dam is closed to trap the water. The water is then naturally evaporated by the sun & this leaves a layer of sea salt. Dirty brown salt is on the bottom and pretty white salt at the top.

Since most people are used to white salt, they just skim off the top white salt & call it "sea salt". UNFORTUNATELY, the trace minerals are mostly in the brown stuff at the bottom.

Real Ocean Sea Salt is produced from unseparated salt. That is why it is slightly darker.

Celtic Salt, Muramoto Salt and Lima Salt contain also darker salt.

When producing table salt, other mineral salts are used for chemical industry, or are washed back into the sea, or are used for animals. If we humas just could eat as good as animals!?

Natural salt is not white and it is not dry. It is a little gray with minerals and feels damp or clumps in humidity. 

How is Minaral Salt Produced?

  Mineral salt is mined from thousands of feet below the surface in areas where leyer of mineral salt is tick enough to have reason to build a  mine.

  Mineral salt can also be harvested by pumping water deep below the surface in areas where layer of salt is discovered. Salty water that comes out, is then used in salt production. Proces is called wacum destilation.

Origin of Salt Leyers 

 There are two theories. One says that mineral salt is leyer of salt created after evaporation of old seas. According to other theory, leyer of mineral salt was created by chemical reaction.

  Mineral salt is often in cristal form. It is transparent cristal, or light tan in color with little darker flecks. But, it can also be of many different colors. Not all mineral salts are rich in trace elements. Some are similar to ocean salt, other are not.

If you ask me, I prefer Ocean salt.

Salt Intake is Vital

Salt is a vital substance for the survival of all living creatures, particularly humans. Water and salt regulate the water content of the body. Water itself regulates the water content of the interior of the cell by working its way into all of the cells it reaches. It has to get there to cleanse and extract the toxic wastes of cell metabolisms. Salt forces some water to stay outside the cells. It balances the amount of water that stays outside the cells. There are two oceans of water in the body; one ocean is held inside the cells of the body, and the other ocean is held outside the cells. Good health depends on a most delicate balance between the volume of these oceans, and this balance is achieved by salt - unrefined salt.

When water is available to get inside the cells freely, it is filtered from the outside salty ocean and injected into the cells that are being overworked despite their water shortage. This is the reason why in severe dehydration we develop an edema and retain water. The design of our bodies is such that the extent of the ocean of water outside the cells is expanded to have the extra water available for filtration and emergency injection into vital cells. The brain commands an increase in salt and water retention by the kidneys. This is how we get an edema when we don't drink enough water.

Initially, the process of water filtration and its delivery into the cells is more efficient at night when the body is horizontal. The collected water, that mostly pools in the legs, does not have to fight the force of gravity to get onto the blood circulation. If reliance of this process of emergency hydration of some cells continues for long, the lungs begin to get waterlogged at night, and breathing becomes difficult. The person needs more pillows to sit upright to sleep. This condition is the consequence of dehydration. However, you might overload the system by drinking too much water at the beginning. Increases in water intake must be slow and spread out until urine production begins to increase at the same rate that you drink water.

When we drink enough water to pass clear urine, we also pass out a lot of the salt that was held back. This is how we can get rid of edema fluid in the body; by drinking more water. Not diuretics, but more water!! In people who have an extensive edema and show signs of their heart beginning to have irregular or very rapid beats with least effort, the increase in water intake should be gradual and spaced out, but not withheld from the body. Naturally, salt intake should be limited for two or three days because the body is still in an overdrive mode to retain it. Once the edema has cleared up, salt should not be withheld from the body.

Salt has many other functions than just regulating the water content of the body. Here are some of the more vital functions of salt in the body:

Vital Functions of Salt in the Body

1. Salt is most effective in stabilizing irregular heartbeats and, Contrary to the misconception that it causes high blood pressure, it is actually essential for the regulation of blood pressure - in conjunction with water. Naturally the proportions are critical. 

2. Salt is vital to the extraction of excess acidity from the cells in the body, particularly the brain cells.

3. Salt is vital for balancing the sugar levels in the blood; a needed element in diabetics.

4. Salt is vital for the generation of hydroelectric energy in cells in the body. It is used for local power generation at the sites of energy need by the cells.

5. Salt is vital to the nerve cells' communication and information processing all the time that the brain cells work, from the moment of conception to death.

6. Salt is vital for absorption of food particles through the intestinal tract.

7. Salt is vital for the clearance of the lungs of mucus plugs and sticky phlegm, particularly in asthma and cystic fibrosis.

8. Salt is vital for clearing up catarrh and congestion of the sinuses.

9. Salt is a strong natural antihistamine.

10. Salt is essential for the prevention of muscle cramps.

11. Salt is vital to prevent excess saliva production to the point that it flows out of the mouth during sleep. Needing to constantly mop up excess saliva indicates salt shortage.

12. Salt is absolutely vital to making the structure of bones firm. Osteoporosis, in a major way, is a result of salt and water shortage in the body.

13. Salt is vital for sleep regulation. It is a natural hypnotic. 

14. Salt is a vitally needed element in the treatment of diabetics.

15. Salt on the tongue will stop persistent dry coughs.

16. Salt is vital for the prevention of gout and gouty arthritis.

17. Salt is vital for maintaining sexuality and libido.

18. Salt is vital for preventing varicose veins and spider veins on the legs and thighs.

19. Salt is vital to the communication and information processing nerve cells the entire time that the brain cells work - from the moment of conception to death.

20. Salt is vital for reducing a double chin. When the body is short of salt, it means the body really is short of water. The salivary glands sense the salt shortage and are obliged to produce more saliva to lubricate the act of chewing and swallowing and also to supply the stomach with water that it needs for breaking down foods. Circulation to the salivary glands increases and the blood vessels become "leaky" in order to supply the glands with water to manufacture saliva. The "leakiness" spills beyond the area of the glands themselves, causing increased bulk under the skin of the chin, the cheeks and into the neck.

21. Sea salt contains about 80 mineral elements that the body needs. Some of these elements are needed in trace amounts. Unrefined sea salt is a better choice of salt than other types of salt on the market. Ordinary table salt that is bought in the super markets has been stripped of its companion elements and contains additive elements such as aluminum silicate to keep it powdery and porous. Aluminum is a very toxic element in our nervous system. It is implicated as one of the primary causes of Alzheimer's disease.

22. Twenty-seven percent of the body's salt is in the bones. Osteoporosis results when the body needs more salt and takes it from the body. Bones are twenty-two percent water. Is it not obvious what happens to the bones when we're deficient in salt or water or both.

* The information on salt intake is taken from Dr. Batmanghelidj's book, "Water: Rx for a Healthier Pain-Free Life".


80 Elements dicovered in Sea Water

Element Name Chemical Symbol Element Name Chemical Symbol
Aluminum AL Molybdenum MO
Antimony SB Neodymium ND
Arsenic AS Nickel NI
Barium BA Niobium NB
Beryllium BE Osmium OS
Bismuth BI Palladium PD
Boron B Phosphorus P
Bromine BR Platinum PT
Cadmium CD Potassium K
Calcium CA Praseodymium PR
Carbon C Rhenium RE
Cerium CE Rhodium RH
Cesium CS Rubidium RB
Chloride CL Ruthenium RU
Chromium CR Samarium SM
Cobalt CO Scandium SC
Copper CU Selenium SE
Dysprosium DY Silicon SI
Erbium ER Silver AG
Europium EU Sodium NA
Fluoride F Strontium SR
Gadolinium GD Sulfur (sulfate) S
Gallium GA Tantalum TA
Germanium GE Tellurium TE
Gold AU Terbium TB
Hafnium HF Thallium TL
Holmium HO Thorium TH
Indium IN Thulium TM
Iodine I Tin SN
Iridium IR Titanium TI
Iron FE Tungsten W
Lanthanum LA Vanadium V
Lead PB Ytterbium YB
Lithium LI Yttrium Y
Lutetium LU Zinc ZN
Magnesium MG Zirconium ZR
Manganese MN Oxygen O
Mercury HG Hydrogen H
Ref. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 65th Ed. 1984-1985, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fl., p. F-149


Use of salt is as old as human history.  Oldest records comes from China.  Some 2,700 years B.C.-about 4,700 years ago-there was published in China the PENG-TZAO-KAN-MU.  A major portion of this writing discussing of more than 40 kinds of salt, including descriptions of two methods of extracting salt and putting it in usable form that are amazingly similar to processes used today.

People who eat Refined salt develop craving for salt, because, salt that they eat is not satisfying their needs.  Than they use more and more salt, in the desperate try to get what they need.  Taking big amounts of refined salt (chemical) burden kidneys and adrenal glands that are very important for calcium utilization.  Modern physiology has demonstrated that an excess of salt interferes with the absorption of nutrients and depletes calcium, while if used in a moderate doses, salt enhances calcium absorption and nutrient utilization in general. 

It is known that absorption of calcium depends on the health of the kidney-adrenal function and that calcium metabolism is of essential importance for the health of the nerves, muscles, heart, vascular system, and bones.  Simply. the whole body is dependant on Calcium uptake.

Low-Salt Diet a Risk?

London, March 12 - A low-salt diet may not be so healthy after all. Defying a generation of health advice, a controversial new study concludes that the less salt people eat, the higher their risk of untimely death. 

The study, led by Dr. Michael Alderman, chairman of epidemiology at Albert Einstein School; of Medicine in New York and president of the American Society of Hypertension, suggests the government should consider suspending it's recommendation that people restrict the amount of salt they eat.

"The lower the sodium, the worse off you are," Alderman said. "There's an association. Is it the cause? I don't know. Any way you slice it, that's not an argument for eating a low sodium diet.

Natural salt is not white and it is not dry. It is a little gray with minerals and feels damp or clumps in humidity. It must be labeled UNREFINED, NO ADDITIVES ADDED.

Following are two sources of unrefined salt:

Redmond Minerals, Inc.
P.O. Box 219
Redmond, UT 84652
Phone: 435-529-7402
Toll Free: 1-800-367-7258
Fax: 435-529-7486

The Grain and Salt Society
273 Fairway Drive
Asheville, NC 28805
1-800-TOP-SALT (867-7258)
Fax: (828) 299-1640


1. Oxygen    2. Water    3. Salt     4. Potassium      5. Exercise   6. Oils

FACT - No one can live without these. Mainstream medicine too often ignores 2 & 3 in favor of selling drugs and procedures to treat the symptoms of dehydration.

FACT - Nothing kills life quicker than lack of water.

FACT - The people with the worst health drink the least water and use the most deadly diuretic drought causing drugs - caffeine and/or alcohol.

FACT - The salinity of the water outside the cells in our bodies is the same as the ocean.

FACT - In the middle ages people were put to a horrible death by salt deprivation.

FACT - Health care makes big bucks by selling a quart of water with salt in it (Saline 4) for up to $350.00 installed, but won't tell the patients they do indeed need more water and salt in their diets.

FACT - How can you expect drug companies to do research on the importance of water in our daily lives when they can't make money on it? Who does research to put themselves out of business?

FACT - No two substances in the Bible are mentioned more than water and salt. 

FACT - The environment of an unborn baby is water and salt.

Sodium chloride or what is today called table salt (common salt) is the chemical compound NaCl. 
Chemically, it is 60.663% elemental chlorine (Cl) and 39.337% sodium (Na).


Elements in Light Grey Celtic Sea Salt®, in milligrams per 1/4 teaspoon (one serving size):

Our most recent analysis demonstrated that Celtic Sea Salt® contained at least 75 minerals and trace elements. The following lists the most predominant elements revealed by this analysis.

  mg per 1/4  tsp %   mg per 1/4  tsp %
Chloride 601.25 mg 50.90% Zinc 0.03 mg .00275%
Sodium 460 mg 33.00% Copper 0.02 mg .00195%
Sulfur 9.7 mg .820% Erbium 0.02 mg .00195%
Magnesium 5.2 mg .441% Tin 0.02 mg .00192%
Potassium 2.7 mg .227% Manganese 0.02 mg .0018%
Calcium 1.5 mg .128% Cerium 0.02 mg .00172%
Silicon 1.2 mg .052% Fluoride 0.01 mg .00109%
Carbon 0.6 mg .049% Rubidium 0.01 mg .00084%
Iron 0.14 mg .012% Gallium 0.01 mg .00083%
Aluminum 0.11 mg .0095% Boron 0.01 mg .00082%
Praseodymium 0.04 mg .0029% Titanium 0.01 mg .00079%
Strontium 0.03 mg .00275% Bromine 0.01 mg .00071%

This is a partial analysis, if you are interested in the full analysis please call us. Light Grey Celtic Sea Salt® contains 33% Sodium, 50.9% Chloride, 1.8% Minerals and Trace Elements and 14.3% moisture. Analysis performed by Western Analysis, Inc. for The Grain & Salt Society®. For verification: Western Analysis, Inc. 2417 South 2700 West Salt Lake City, UT 84119 (801)973-9238 Fax (801) 973-7635

Nutrient Daily Value
Sodium 2,400 milligrams
Potassium 3,500 milligrams
Calcium 1000 milligrams
Iron 18 milligrams
Phosphorus 1000 milligrams
Iodine 150 micrograms
Magnesium 400 milligrams
Zinc 15 milligrams
Copper 2 milligrams
Manganese 2 milligrams
Chloride 3,400 milligrams

About the minerals and trace elements:

Although certain body processes are attributed to certain minerals, each mineral needs one or more other minerals to properly function. For instance, a proper calcium-phosphorus balance is necessary to the body in that an imbalance reduces resistance to disease, increases fatigue, weakens intellectual faculties and leads to premature ageing. Magnesium can only be used if calcium and phosphorus are in a proper balance. An overabundance of one mineral can result in a deficiency of another. Obtaining minerals from whole food sources provides the body with the wide variety of minerals it needs. Supplementing with one or two minerals is rarely a good idea unless it is under the supervision of a doctor or nutritional counselor.


Chloride, along with sodium, regulates the acid/alkali balance in the body. It is also necessary for the production of gastric acid which is a component of hydrochloric acid (HCl).


Sodium regulates the pH of intracellular fluids and with potassium, regulates the acid/ alkali balance in the body. Sodium and chloride are necessary for maintaining osmosis and electrolyte balance.


Sulfur is found in all cells, especially in skin, connective tissues, and hair. Inadequate dietary sulfur has been associated with skin and nail diseases. Increased intake of dietary sulfur sometimes helps psoriasis and rheumatic conditions.


Magnesium is a mineral of primary importance in the body because it aids in the activation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the main energy source for cell functioning. Magnesium also activates several enzyme systems and is important for the synthesis of RNA and DNA. Magnesium is necessary for normal muscle contraction and important for the synthesis of several amino acids.


Potassium exists primarily in intracellular fluids (the fluid inside cells). Potassium stimulates nerve impulses and muscle contractions and is important for the maintenance of osmotic pressure. Potassium regulates the body’s acid-alkali balance, stimulates kidney and adrenal functioning, and assists in converting glucose to glycogen. Also, potassium is important for biosynthesis of protein.


Calcium is necessary to build healthy bones and teeth. Calcium influences blood coagulation, stimulates muscles and nerves, and acts a s a cofactor for vitamin D and the function of the parathyroid gland. Muscles cannot contract without calcium. Calcium is essential for the regulation of heartbeat. Calcium depletion can result in a number of symptoms, the most notable is osteoporosis which results in decreased bone mass and increased chances of bone breakage.


Silicon is necessary for normal growth and bone formation. With calcium, silicon is a contributing factor in good skeletal integrity. Silicon is a main component of osteoblasts, the bone forming cells. Silicon may help to maintain youthful skin, hair and nails.


Copper facilitates in the absorption of iron and supports vitamin C absorption. Copper is also involved in protein synthesis and an important factor in the production of RNA.


Small amounts of tin appear to be necessary for normal growth. Because tin is common in soil, foods, and water, deficiencies are rare. Because of poor absorption, low tissue accumulation and rapid tissue turnover, tin has a low level of toxicity.


Manganese is essential for glucose utilization, for lipid synthesis and for lipid metabolism. Manganese plays a role in cholesterol metabolism and pancreatic function and development. Manganese in involved in normal skeletal growth and it activates enzyme functions.


Only trace amounts of iron are essential for living cells of plants and animals. Iron has the ability to interact reversibly with oxygen and to function in electron transfer reactions that makes it biologically indispensable. Iron is necessary for cell function and blood utilization. Blood loss is the most common cause of iron deficiency. Pallor and extreme fatigue are the symptoms of iron deficiency anemia.


Aluminum is a natural component of many foods. Although it is found in small quantities in plant and animal tissues and in blood and urine, there is no evidence that this element is essential for any metabolic function in humans or animals. In fact, there is evidence that elevated aluminum can result in neurological disorders, bone disease, gastrointestinal irritation, loss of appetite and loss of energy.

Because aluminum is a natural constituent of some foods and is in a growing number of modern foods and pharmaceutical preparations, an understanding of aluminum and aluminum containing foods and cooking utensils can benefit all people. In healthy people, more than 98% of the ingested aluminum is passed through the gastrointestinal tract. Silicon, a constituent of Celtic Sea Salt (see above), prevents the absorption of aluminum and actually helps the body eliminate aluminum that is bound in the tissues.


Strontium (not Strontium 90, the radioactive form of the element) may help harden the calcium-magnesium-phosphorus structures of the body. Strontium may influence the intake or structural use of calcium, according to Bernard Jensen, Ph.D.



Although adults only require an average of 15 mg of zinc per day, zinc is a very important trace element that is essential to many biological factors. Zinc is required for growth, for immune system function, and for sexual development. Zinc is a cofactor in over 90 enzymes. Zinc is required for the synthesis of insulin. Proper zinc metabolism is needed for wound healing, and carbohydrate and protein metabolism. Zinc is considered an antibacterial factor in the prostatic fluid, and may contribute to the prevention of chronic bacterial prostatitis and urinary tract infections.


Gallium has no known biological role, although it may stimulate metabolism. Small concentrations of gallium are normally found in human tissue.


Titanium is an abundant mineral, yet it appears to have no function to plant and animal life. In general, humans may eat and excrete titanium with no side effects as it is considered essentially nontoxic. Titanium may be carcinogenic, but not at the levels humans are generally exposed to.


Fluoride has a direct effect on the calcium and phosphate metabolism and in small amounts may reduce osteoporosis. Trace amounts of fluoride produce stronger tooth enamel that is more resistant to bacterial degradation. However, an increased intake through fluoridated drinking water can potentially overload the human system.


Rubidium has a close physiochemical relationship to potassium. In fact, it may have the ability to act as a nutritional substitute for potassium. Although rubidium is not considered "essential," some evidence suggests that rubidium may have a role in free radical pathology and serve as a mineral transporter across defective cell membranes, especially in cells associated with aging. Clinical studies have suggested that rubidium increases memory and mental acuity in the elderly.


Blaurock-Busch, E. pH.D. Mineral and Trace Element Analysis. Boulder, CO. TMI/MTM Books. 1996.

Jensen, B. DC, pH.D. Come Alive! Total Health through an Understanding of Minerals, Trace Elements & Electrolytes. Escondido, CA. Jensen. 1997.

Bergner, P. The Healing Power of Minerals, Special Nutrients, and Trace Elements. Rocklin, CA. Pima Publishing. 1997.

Fallon, S. Nourishing Traditions. Washington D.C. New Trends Publishing. 1999.