(NaturalNews) The sugar industry launched a campaign in the 1960s to downplay evidence linking sugar consumption to America's rising cardiovascular disease rates, and blame saturated fats instead, according to a new report released earlier this month.
A researcher at the University of California, San Francisco, recently discovered internal documents from the sugar industry and correspondence letters between the leaders of a trade group called the Sugar Research Foundation (SRF) - known today as the Sugar Association - and heart disease researchers.
The study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), found that the sugar industry paid prestigious Harvard scientists to publish research blaming dietary fat, not sugar, to be the main culprit of coronary heart disease.
The newly published JAMA paper relied on thousands of pages of correspondence between top sugar industry executives, such as John Hickson, and prominent researchers.
Around the 1960s, some studies had begun pointing to a relationship between high-sugar diets and heart disease, while other scientists blamed saturated fat and dietary cholesterol for posing the biggest risk. That's when the SFR came up with the idea to shift public opinion through their own sugar research, information, and legislative programs.
The emerged documents show that SRF paid three Harvard scientists the equivalent of about $50,000 in today's dollars to write a review based on studies handpicked by the sugar industry. The scientists were asked to write a paper in favor of the sugar industry.
After a few drafts, where the scientists had dismissed the data on sugar as weak and given far more credence to the data implicating saturated fat, Mr. Hickson approved their work.
"Let me assure you this is quite what we had in mind, and we look forward to its appearance in print," Mr. Hickson wrote.
The review was published in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine, which did not require conflict of interest disclosure until 1984. The review had exactly the effect that the sugar industry had hoped for. The debate about the possible link between sugar and heart disease died down, while low-fat diets, which are high in sugar, gained the endorsement of many health authorities.
A double win for the sugar industry.
Industry-funded research has played an important and informative role in many scientific debates. Based on their findings, health officials have encouraged Americans to reduce their fat intake for decades. This has led to the consumption of low-fat, sugar-laden foods that some experts now blame as the major cause of the obesity crisis.
"It was a very smart thing the sugar industry did, because review papers, especially if you get them published in a very prominent journal, tend to shape the overall scientific discussion," said Stanton Glantz, a professor of medicine at U.C.S.F. and an author of the JAMA paper.
By doing so, the sugar industry was able to shift the negative attention away from sugar while putting fat and cholesterol in the spotlight. By the 1980s most scientists were convinced that added sugars didn't play a role in heart disease. Therefore, the first Dietary Guidelines for Americans mainly focused on reducing total fat, saturated fat, and dietary cholesterol for heart disease prevention.
Reforming the dietary guidelines in their favor is not the only trick the sugar industry has up its sleeve. Last year The New York Times revealed how coca cola had spent millions of dollars in funding research to downplay the link between sugary drinks and obesity.
Furthermore, in June, the Associated Press reported that candy makers were financing studies that claimed that kids who eat candy tend to weigh less than children who do not eat candy.
Stanton Glantz's report clearly shows how industry-funded research is ruining our health and happiness. Independent science is our only hope for learning the truth.
Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/055352_sugar_industry_corrupt_science_heart_disease.html#ixzz4KodUbN00
Story at-a-glance -
(NaturalNews) In 2016, approximately 1,685,210 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed in the U.S., and more than 595,690 Americans will die from the disease, according to the National Cancer Institute. It is thought that the most common cancers to be diagnosed this year will be:
The National Cancer Institute goes on to note that approximately 39.6 percent of men and women will be diagnosed with cancer at some point during their lifetimes, and national expenditures for cancer care in the U.S. are estimated to total $156 billion by 2020.
New research reported on in The New York Times points to the fact that lifestyle choices are more important than genetics when it comes to developing cancer. Though a person might have genetic risk factors for cancer, it is their lifestyle choices that will activate certain genes and allow cancer to develop.
Cancer isn't something that appears out of nowhere; it develops over many years, as a result of the combined effects of daily lifestyle choices. Sugar consumption is being highlighted as playing a large role in the activation of cancer genes – with sugary drinks in particular believed to fuel the growth of cancer cells.
As reported by The New York Times, the new study found that drinking sugar-sweetened beverages is linked to an increased risk of endometrial cancer in postmenopausal women. This is the first study to find the same association between sugar and cancer as exists between sugar and Type 2 diabetes.
The study, published online in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, has found that all sugars increase the risk for Type 1 endometrial cancer – but sweetened drinks have the biggest impact of all. Those who were in the highest 20 percent for sweet drink consumption had a 74 percent higher risk of developing cancer than those in the lowest 20 percent.
Compared with most other dietary sugars, sugars in drinks cause plasma glucose levels to rise higher and fall lower, and it is thought that these fluctuations may play a role in the increased risk of cancer. But this isn't the first time that sugar has been linked to cancer. Using MRI scanners to look for glucose, a study published in Nature Medicine found that glucose causes tumors to light up brightly as they contain high sugar levels. Tumors consume much more glucose than normal tissue due to their abnormally elevated metabolism levels – so sugar actually feeds cancer cells and helps them to grow.
This perhaps explains why those who drink sweetened drinks on a regular basis are much more likely to develop cancer than those who don't; the sugar they are consuming feeds the growth of tumor cells. As reported by Natural News, sugar creates an acidic environment in the body that allows tumors to thrive. It also causes inflammation in the body. Eliminating refined sugar from your diet can help to reduce your chances of developing cancer.
Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/054330_sugar_cancer_sugary_drinks.html#ixzz4BRWnrFl2
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