Chikungunya is caused due to a viral infection (CHIKV) and is transmitted when an infected female Aedes aegypti mosquito carries the virus from an infected human to a healthy person. The mosquitoes mostly attack during the day and are commonly seen breeding around clean water bodies. Once bitten, the patient will experience symptoms such as arthritis like pain around the joints, muscle aches, fever, malaise, headache, fatigue, nausea and in some cases vomiting within approximately two to 22 days.
Chikungunya is a self-resolving disease. It gradually decreases in intensity in about a week after infection. But some people may experience arthritic pain and fatigue for a few weeks to a year after it has resolved. In very old and ailing patients and in individuals with a weak immune system the disease can result in death.
Warning signs and symptoms of chikungunya in detail
While muscle pain is also seen in people suffering from dengue, chikungunya causes arthritis-like pain in the joints especially of the hands and legs. In some cases, it can also cause swelling in the joints. The joint pain can last for few weeks to a year.
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