The Kidney works really hard to dillute and detoxify the body. Surely, palpitations and flutters are a symptom of Kidney stress dealing with toxins.
(Oh gosh, I am looking all over for the article I had on it. I will post it when I find it.)
Anyway, hormones from the adrenals, above kidney, affect the electrolyte balance of the blood. You may be familiar with Aldosterone:: Aldosterone , steroid secreted by the cortex of the adrenal gland. It is the most potent hormone regulating the body's electrolyte balance. Aldosterone acts directly on the kidney to decrease the rate of sodium-ion excretion (with accompanying retention of water), and to increase the rate of potassium-ion excretion. The secretion of aldosterone appears to be regulated by two mechanisms. First, the concentration of sodium ions may be a factor since increased rates of aldosterone secretion are found when dietary sodium is severely limited. Second, reduced blood flow to the kidney stimulates certain kidney cells to secrete the proteolytic enzyme renin, which converts the inactive angiotensinogen globulin in the blood into angiotensin I. Another enzyme then converts angiotensin I into angiotensin II, its active form. This peptide, in turn, stimulates the secretion of aldosterone by the adrenal cortex. Pathologically elevated aldosterone secretion with concomitant excessive retention of salt and water often results in edema (swelling).
When this happens the pressure of the blood amy be low. In this case, the heart will pump faster to get more blood where it needs to go. People who who have low blood pressure often feel light headed or palpitations when laying down or standing up from a lying position.
's kidney cleanse
would be great for him. Watermelons and the seeds are great for kidney too. Watch his caffeine intake or anything dehydrating..ice tea, chocolate. Olive leaf, never hurts, and is a great natural antibiotic.
Just my suggestion,