Should I use 5-HTP long term to improve the quality of my sleep, which is essential for adrenal fatigue recovery? Does it have any side effects? Is it addictive?
I would go with either ashwagandha or glycine on an empty stomach first. Both help to calm the brain and have other beneficial effects such as supporting the adrenals and helping with tissue repair.
5-HTP is a serotonin precursor, so it can help with sleep. But serotonin also affects other things in the body such as intestinal peristalsis and blood pressure that may or may not be desired. And too much serotonin in the blood can cause problems as well. Remember the cases of heart valve damage in the people taking Phen fen? This was from the abnormally high serotonin levels in their bloodstream.
There are all kinds of problems with cooked food, but even vegetables aren't ideal for our bodies.
There can be problems with raw foods such as goitrogens and inhibitory enzymes that are generally destroyed by cooking. Cooking can also increase the digestibility of vegetables and can increase nutritional value. For example slightly steaming carrots can raise the betacarotene content.
If you want to continue trying to fight a hopeless battle to keep your modern absymal dietary habits, Hv's advice is the best thing for you, but it's not going to address the cause for the imbalance in the first place.
Adrenal issues generally stem from nutritional deficiencies, which is why I address these in my recommended adrenal program: